Download E-books Hawaiian Blood: Colonialism and the Politics of Sovereignty and Indigeneity (Narrating Native Histories) PDF

By J. Kēhaulani Kauanui

In the Hawaiian houses fee Act (HHCA) of 1921, the U.S. Congress outlined “native Hawaiians” as these humans “with not less than one-half blood quantum of people inhabiting the Hawaiian Islands ahead of 1778.” This “blood good judgment” has seeing that develop into an entrenched a part of the felony procedure in Hawai‘i. Hawaiian Blood is the 1st accomplished heritage and research of this federal legislations that equates Hawaiian cultural id with a quantifiable volume of blood. J. Kēhaulani Kauanui explains how blood quantum category emerged in order to undermine local Hawaiian (Kanaka Maoli) sovereignty. in the framework of the 50-percent rule, intermarriage “dilutes” the variety of state-recognized local Hawaiians. hence, instead of help local claims to the Hawaiian islands, blood quantum reduces Hawaiians to a racial minority, reinforcing a approach of white racial privilege guaranteed to estate ownership.

Kauanui presents an impassioned overview of ways the arbitrary correlation of ancestry and race imposed by way of the U.S. govt at the indigenous humans of Hawai‘i has had far-reaching felony and cultural results. With the HHCA, the government explicitly constrained the variety of Hawaiians incorporated in land provisions, and it recast Hawaiians’ land claims when it comes to colonial welfare instead of collective entitlement. furthermore, the exclusionary good judgment of blood quantum has profoundly affected cultural definitions of indigeneity by means of undermining extra inclusive Kanaka Maoli notions of kinship and belonging. Kauanui additionally addresses the continuing importance of the 50-percent rule: Its standards underlie fresh courtroom judgements that experience subverted the Hawaiian sovereignty stream and taken to the fore charged questions on who counts as Hawaiian.

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