By J. D. Angelopolous, N. Leligou, H. Linardakis, A. Stavdas (auth.), Andrea Bianco, Fabio Neri (eds.)
Optical networks are leaving the labs and turning into a fact. regardless of the present concern of the telecom undefined, our way of life more and more is determined by conversation networks for info trade, medication, schooling, facts move, trade, and lots of different endeavours. excessive skill hyperlinks are required by means of the big futemet site visitors call for, and optical networks stay probably the most promising applied sciences for assembly those wishes. WDM platforms are this present day largely deployed, due to inexpensive at severe info premiums and excessive reliability of optical parts, equivalent to optical amplifiers and fixed/tunable filters and transceivers. entry and metropolitan sector networks are more and more in accordance with optical applied sciences to beat the digital bottleneck on the community aspect. conventional multi-layer architectures, resembling the generally deployed IP/ATM/SDH protocol stack, are more and more in line with WDM delivery; extra efforts are sought to maneuver on the optical layer extra of the functionalities to be had at the present time in larger protocol layers. New parts and subsystems for extraordinarily excessive velocity optical networks provide new layout possibilities to community operators and architects. The developments in the direction of dynamically configurable all-optical community infrastructures open up quite a lot of new community engineering and layout offerings, which needs to face concerns akin to interoperability and unified keep an eye on and management.
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